You’ve probably heard of the Kepler Space Telescope before. We owe him the discovery of thousands of exoplanets even if he is no longer among the active space telescopes since October 2018, due to lack of fuel. It has crisscrossed space for almost 10 years since it was put into orbit.
Until recently, scientists counted 4,569 planets in our galaxy. A figure to which will be added 301 new planets, not discovered by a space telescope, but by forms of artificial intelligence, which discovered the existence of these planets by analyzing the massive data collected by Kepler during the last part of his life in orbit.
In fact, these forms of artificial intelligence are deep neural networks using machine learning and they have been dubbed ExoMiner.
This artificial intelligence would be more reliable than human experts
ExoMiner is a powerful deep neural network that operates NASA’s supercomputer and can detect real exoplanets. ExoMiner’s project manager, Hamed Valizadegan assures us that “ when ExoMiner says something is a planet, you can be sure it’s a planet. It is very accurate and in some ways more reliable than human experts “.
In total, this AI has “validated” 301 planets. However, none of these new planets would resemble Earth and evolve within the habitable zone of its star. However, by tuning the AI, researchers could use the ExoMiner to analyze data from other telescopes.