GPS sites and applications will have to better inform users about the negative impact of their journeys on the environment and their health, offer less polluting journeys and alternatives to the car, the government announced.
Change for GPS applications
As soon as a user tries to plan a trip, the result should display an estimate of the pollution caused, with the quantities of greenhouse gases and air pollutants (nitrogen oxides, PM10 particles) emitted by the different modes of transport suggested. Multimodal transport applications and sites, such as Google Maps, Waze, Moovit or Mappy, must highlight route proposals with the lowest impact in terms of greenhouse gas emissions.
If the journey includes a passage by car over a portion where the maximum authorized speed is greater than or equal to 110 km/h, these applications must offer alternatives allowing a reduction in speed of 20 km/h, and therefore less emissions .
While they sometimes refer motorists to secondary roads, to the chagrin of local residents, GPS applications will now have to strive to offer relief routes avoiding the massive use of secondary roads not intended for heavy traffic. Unless these detours save more than 10% of the remaining travel time, or there is work or an accident on the main track.
In addition, from December 2022, all sites and applications will have to regularly broadcast awareness messages when a user is planning a car trip. These messages of the type “For short journeys, favor walking or cycling” or “Going from 130 to 110 km/h on the motorway reduces your consumption by 20%” will be accompanied by a signature “#SeDéplacerLesPolluer”, already compulsory in automobile advertisements.
Applications must also inform users of any traffic restrictions, such as Low Emission Zones (ZFE), which are expected to multiply in the coming years.
Finally, at the end of 2022, multimodal applications will have to display data relating to the cycle network, carpooling areas and parking collected in the database of the transport.gouv.fr website, and at the end of 2023 all public transport and vehicle offers. shared (bicycles, scooters).