Is the body affected during a heartbreak?

Science writer Florence Williams recounted her broken heart journey when her husband left her 25 years ago. She said she felt like suffer brain damage from the rupture. She wanted to understand his physical reaction to his divorce. She started talking to experts in the United States and England about the physiological symptoms caused by heartbreak.

Ms. Williams presented her findings in her book titled: Heartbreak: A Personal and Scientific Journey “. She studied how a extreme emotional pain can result in physical pain. This affliction affects the heart, digestive and immune systems, and the body as a whole.

The writer noted that the fact of falling in love stimulates the production of stress hormones. These hormones are responsible for feeling of restlessness when the partner leaves. The abandoned person looks for his partner or feels grateful when he returns.

What hormonal processes occur for a broken heart?

For her part, Professor Maryanne Fisher from the Department of Psychology at Saint Mary’s University in Canada, spoke on Psychology Today. She studied the chemistry behind heartache. His research showed that this experience can be explained in the biological sense of the term.

It begins when the brain and adrenal glands release dopamine. This secretion affects various organs including the genitals, sweat glands and the five senses. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter which makes people nervous. She is responsible for feelings of pleasure, excitement and happiness.

Then the brain releases neurotransmitters norepinephrine and phenylethylamine (PEA). They increase the subject’s concentration on the person they desire and increase the feelings of euphoria. A feedback loop is then activated. The brain’s reward system is involved in this. Thus, the writer pointed out that people are biologically ready, when they fall in love, feel stress when their relationship ends.

What about the brain and the body?

According to INSIDER, the body can consider a heartache as an emergency and switch to ” fight or flight “. In this state, the body releases hormones that prepare him either to stay and face the threat, or to flee to safety.

Dr. Kristin Bianchi, a clinical psychologist, analyzed the physical symptoms of this disorder called takotsubo cardiomyopathy. She said that as soon as the brain releases too many stress hormones, the body responds. Thus, the muscles tense, the appetite decreases, the body undergoes gastrointestinal disturbances and it is difficult to fall asleep. During a period, headaches, stomachaches and muscle aches may occur.


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