Scientists have dug in the heart of a volcano

Iceland, this small island in the far north of Europe, has something to fascinate scientists who have just completed a two-kilometer drilling, heading for the center of a volcano.

Iceland is an island that attracts many scientists. Nobody has forgotten the incredible eruption of the Eyjafjallaj√∂kull volcano, which on April 14, 2010 had projected a cloud of ash so large that it had paralyzed European air traffic. So you don’t have to be the best of volcanologists to know that Iceland is a rather special piece of Earth on a global scale where magma easily rises through the earth’s crust.

The Krafla region is the perfect example. This place like no other with its lake in a crater where still the warm and limpid waters that run in the region.

If it is therefore a field very popular with instagrammers, scientists also bring it a very particular interest. So in the same way as in the science fiction novel by Jules Verne Journey to the Center of the Earth, a team of researchers will leave Iceland to dig in the bowels of the Earth.

An energetic golden bridge

This titanic project, funded by 11 countries and 38 institutes and other private companies should reach 2 kilometers below sea level. The objective is thus to reach the magmatic chamber of the volcano.

For the moment, scientists have little or no data on this part of the Earth, a few fortuitous discoveries have allowed us to learn more about the heart of volcanoes, but there is still a lot to do. The researchers hope to be able to find the means there to set up a new ultra powerful geothermal system, capable of electrifying as many as 19 conventional geothermal wells.

New knowledge to discover

In addition to these ecological properties, geothermal energy being green energy, this well dug in the depths of the Earth should provide a better understanding of the functioning of volcanoes. They initially thought that the chamber would be much deeper, some three miles below the surface.

This first indication shows how little is known about volcanoes in the scientific world and researchers should have no further discoveries of this kind in the coming months. The latter could then provide a better understanding of the mechanisms in place during an eruption. Essential data to predict the latter and thus put in place the necessary measures such as an emergency evacuation or even a displacement of the population in the most affected regions of the world such as Reunion, or the island of Vulcano off the coast of France. Italy.

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