In recent years, the Keto Diet, also known as the Ketogenic Diet, has become very popular across the world. Although many believe that this is a new way to lose weight, this way of eating has actually been around since the 1920s. The Keto Diet was originally used to reduce seizures in children with epilepsy. .
The principle of the Keto Diet is to lose weight by reducing carbohydrates and increasing fat intake. According to dietitian Richelle Gomez of Northwestern Medicine McHenry Hospital, our bodies convert carbohydrates into glucose for energy. When we remove carbohydrates from our diet, the body switches to burning fatty acids or ketones. However, before going into ketosis, which is the breakdown of fat for energy, the body must first eliminate carbohydrates. For this he needs about three weeks.
If you want to lose weight and are interested in the Keto Diet, here is some information on the possible benefits and risks to help you make up your mind.
What Are the Benefits of the Keto Diet?
According to some people’s testimony, the ketogenic diet has helped them lose weight. They also reported being less hungry on this diet compared to other types of restrictive diets. Gomez attributes this to fatty foods taking longer to break down in the body. On the other hand, eliminating certain food groups from your diet contributes to weight loss in addition to ketosis.
Unlike other types of diets, the Keto Diet allows those who enjoy fatty foods to eat as much as they want, while losing weight. This includes red meats, fatty fish, cheese, nuts or even butter.
Besides weight loss, the ketogenic diet has other health benefits as well. For example, in people with epilepsy, it helps reduce seizures. It is also used by endurance athletes and bodybuilders to lose fat quickly.
The disadvantages and risks
Compared to other weight loss diets, the Keto diet seems more difficult to follow. According to cardiologist Kameswari Maganti of Northwestern Medicine Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute, it is only effective when used for a short time followed by the adoption of healthy eating habits. According to him, the keto diet is likely to cause a yo-yo effect, which can increase the risk of death. People who can constantly monitor their diet have a better chance of being successful in keeping their bodies in ketosis.
Another downside to the Keto diet is nutrient deficiency. Indeed, by removing fresh fruits, legumes, cereals and vegetables from the diet, the body will no longer benefit from the vitamins, minerals and fibers they provide. Deficiencies will produce fatigue, and sometimes constipation due to the lack of fiber.
On the other hand, consuming a high amount of saturated fat increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and kidney disease.
There are also risks of dehydration when following the Keto diet since the glycogen responsible for water retention in the bloodstream is found in insufficient amount.
Either way, it is always better to have the advice of a doctor or dietitian before starting to follow any diet.
SOURCE: Northwestern Medicine