Unesco adopts standard for ethical development of artificial intelligence

It was a world first that was becoming more and more necessary. The 193 Member States of Unesco have adopted a standard on the ethics of artificial intelligence, a text that sets out common values ​​and principles.

The development of artificial intelligence technologies must obey a legal framework to avoid ethical problems. This standard was adopted by the Member States of Unesco during the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

Four recommendations to be put in place by states and companies

The stake is essential. Artificial intelligence gives very good results in many areas (cancer screening, creation of inclusive environments for people with disabilities, climate change, world hunger, etc.). But elsewhere, this technology poses a challenge: Unesco lists, for example, the persistence of gender and ethnic prejudices, threats to privacy, dignity and the ability to act, not to mention the dangers of mass surveillance.

Until now, there was no universal standard providing an answer to these concerns, hence the ethical framework promoted by Unesco. This includes four components aimed at ” realize the benefits AI brings to society and reduce the risks it entails “. First, data protection: governments and businesses must go beyond what they do to ensure greater protection. This involves, for example, access to records of personal data, as well as the possibility of erasing them.

The second part bans the use of AI for social scoring and mass surveillance, “highly invasive” technologies that violate fundamental freedoms and human rights. The text lays the foundations for the tools that will contribute to the implementation of monitoring and evaluation assistance.

Finally, Unesco’s last recommendation is to encourage AI players to favor methods that save data, energy and resources. Artificial intelligence must be a ” major tool in the fight against climate change and the resolution of environmental problems “.

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