You have just bought your electric bike, or you have already had it for some time, but a question has just appeared in your mind: is it necessary to register it? In France, the majority of motorized vehicles, particularly cars and motorcycles, must be declared and registered. What about electric bikes?
There are many advantages provided by an electric bike, compared to pedestrian travel. Faster journeys, daily sporting activity (less than a classic bike, of course) and freedom from the vagaries of public transport. The comparison can also be made with cars: more ecological, electric bikes can also prove to be much more practical in large cities that are often jammed at rush hour. And if you put a classic bike and an electric side by side, the only real disadvantage of the latter will probably be the higher price. But apart from all that, a question arises as to the registration of this means of transport. From when do we have to affix a license plate on this type of bicycle?
What does the registration of an electric bike in France depend on?
According to French law, all motorized vehicles must be registered (and insured!) to travel on the roads. But of course, it can depend on many factors. For an electric bicycle, the law is based on two things: the power of the motor and the maximum speed allowed by it. In other words, an electric bike whose power does not exceed 250W and whose maximum speed is capped at 25 km/h will in no case need to be registered to circulate.
On the other hand, things get tougher if you have chosen a faster bike. It will be considered as a class L1e-a moped if the engine power is between 250 and 1000W and must therefore necessarily be registered, even if the speed does not exceed 25 km/h. In the other direction, if the bike can reach 45 km/h, it will therefore be part of the L1e-b class mopeds, regardless of its maximum speed. It must therefore also be registered.
To sum up, any electric bike whose maximum speed exceeds 25 km/h or whose power exceeds 250W must be registered.
How to register an electric bike?
Now that you know whether your own e-bike needs to be registered or not, it’s time to get started. The procedure to put you in rules must be done on the government site of the ANTS (National Agency for Secure Titles), or with an online registration professional. However, be careful to go to a serious and reliable site. Once the request has been made, preferably on the government website for more security, you need to gather some supporting documents:
- A valid proof of identity, which may be a national identity card, a European passport, a residence permit, etc.;
- The purchase invoice for the electric bike concerned by the registration request;
- A European certificate of conformity, including among other things the identification number of the bicycle;
- A proof of address, i.e. an electricity, gas, landline telephone bill, your residence tax, or even your tax sheet;
- The Cerfa registration application form n°13750*03 completed and signed.
A few rules for riding a registered electric bike
Road safety, license, insurance, the purchase of an electric bike of category L1e-b or L1e-a imposes some rules to follow. For information, and it is very important to know this, a registered electric bike driver must hold an AM license (Motorcycling Apprentice, formerly Road Safety Certificate) or a B license. If the driver was born before January 1 2008, then no permit will be required. On the safety side, this type of electric bike is not allowed to access cycle paths or other lanes reserved for bicycles. The driver must wear an approved helmet and gloves. The bicycle must, finally, be insured at least to the third party.